How to Hit a Winner: The 7 Essential Tennis Techniques

How to Hit a Winner: The 7 Essential Tennis Techniques

Tennis is a captivating and challenging sport that requires a blend of physical fitness, mental acuity, and precise technique. For beginners embarking on their tennis journey, mastering the fundamental techniques is essential to build a strong foundation for their game. In this article, we’ll explore the basic tennis techniques that every beginner should focus on mastering to enjoy the game and progress effectively.

How to Hit a Winner: The 7 Essential Tennis Techniques

1. Grip: The Foundation of All Tennis Techniques

All tennis techniques must begin with the grip. There are primarily two common grips: the Eastern forehand grip and the Continental backhand grip. The Eastern forehand grip is suitable for most beginners, as it allows for more control and versatility in shots. A volley or serve is best executed with the Continental grip. Understanding and practicing the correct grip lays the groundwork for consistent and effective shots.

2. Forehand Stroke: The Power Shot

One of the most important strokes in tennis is the forehand. It involves hitting the ball with the dominant hand’s palm facing forward. To execute a forehand stroke, stand sideways to the net, turn your shoulders and hips, and swing the racket forward while shifting your weight from the back foot to the front foot. This shot generates power and is commonly used to dictate rallies.

3. Backhand Stroke: The Two-Handed or One-Handed Dilemma

The backhand stroke is executed on the opposite side of the body from the forehand. Beginners can choose between a two-handed or one-handed backhand. The two-handed backhand provides more stability and control, making it an excellent choice for beginners. To execute a two-handed backhand, grip the racket with both hands, and rotate your body as you swing through the ball.

On the other hand, the one-handed backhand offers more reach and versatility but requires greater strength and coordination. To execute a one-handed backhand, use the Continental grip on your dominant hand and swing the racket with a single hand, rotating your body accordingly.

4. Serve: The Starting Point of Tennis Techniques

In tennis techniques, the player only has complete authority over one strike: the serve. It is essential to master the serve early on, as it sets the tone for each point. Start by adopting the Continental grip and practice tossing the ball consistently and hitting it with a fluid motion. Focus on generating power from your legs and core, and aim for accuracy to place the ball strategically in the service box.

5. Volley: The Net Player’s Best Friend

Volleying is the art of hitting the ball before it bounces on the ground. It is a crucial skill for players who wish to dominate the net and finish points quickly. To execute a volley, hold the racket in a Continental grip and keep your hands out in front of your body. Use short, controlled swings and precise hand-eye coordination to direct the ball with accuracy.

6. Footwork: Tennis Techniques to Being Agile on the Court

Effective mobility on the tennis playing surface relies heavily on good footwork. Beginners should focus on learning to move quickly and smoothly, staying on the balls of their feet and being prepared to change direction at any moment. Mastering footwork allows players to reach the ball effectively and set up for well-balanced shots.

7. Court Positioning: Anticipate and React

Understanding court positioning is vital for beginners to cover the court effectively and maintain control during rallies. Position yourself strategically, keeping a balance between offense and defense. Anticipate your opponent’s shots and be prepared to move to the right spot on the court to respond.


Mastering the basic tennis techniques is essential for beginners to develop their skills and enjoy the game. Focus on proper grip, forehand and backhand strokes, serving, volleying, footwork, and court positioning. Practice regularly and seek guidance from a qualified coach to refine your techniques. As you progress and gain confidence, you’ll find tennis to be an exhilarating and rewarding sport that offers a lifetime of enjoyment.